CRYPTOCURRENCY TERMINOLOGIES: A cryptocurrency is a form of digital or virtual currency that uses cryptography (the practice of secure communication) to secure and verify transactions and to control the creation of new units. Cryptocurrencies operate independently of central banks and are decentralized, meaning that they are not controlled by a single entity or government.


Cryptocurrency is a complex and rapidly-evolving industry, with new terms and jargon constantly emerging. For those new to the world of cryptocurrencies, it can be challenging to keep up with the latest terms and concepts. In this article, we’ll cover some of the most common cryptocurrency terminologies to help you better understand the industry.

Common Crypto Terminologies


Blockchain is a distributed ledger technology that underpins most cryptocurrencies, including Bitcoin and Ethereum. It is a decentralized database that records transactions in a secure and transparent way, without the need for intermediaries like banks or financial institutions.

A blockchain consists of a network of computers, or nodes, that work together to maintain a shared database. Each node in the network has a copy of the blockchain, and transactions are validated and added to the blockchain through a consensus mechanism.

The blockchain is the backbone of many cryptocurrencies, including Bitcoin.


Decentralization refers to the distribution of power and authority away from a single entity or group. In the context of cryptocurrency, decentralization typically refers to the lack of a central authority or controlling entity. Decentralized systems rely on a network of computers to maintain and verify the integrity of the system, making it more resistant to manipulation or control by a single party.


The first and most well-known cryptocurrency, created by an unknown person or group using the pseudonym Satoshi Nakamoto. Bitcoin is a decentralized digital currency that operates without a central bank or single administrator.


Altcoin, short for “alternative coin”, is a term used to describe any cryptocurrency that is not Bitcoin. Altcoins are essentially any cryptocurrency that is an alternative to Bitcoin, and there are thousands of them in circulation today.


The process of using mathematical algorithms to secure and verify transactions on a blockchain. Cryptography is essential to the security of cryptocurrencies.


In the context of cryptocurrency, a “whale” is a term used to describe an individual or organization that holds a large amount of a particular cryptocurrency. Whales are often able to exert significant influence on the market due to their large holdings, and their buying and selling activity can impact the price of a cryptocurrency.

Bull and Bear

“Bull” and “bear” are terms commonly used in financial markets to describe market trends. A “bull market” is characterized by rising prices and optimism among investors, while a “bear market” is characterized by falling prices and pessimism. In the context of cryptocurrency, these terms are used to describe overall market trends, as well as individual coins or tokens. A “bull run” refers to a sustained period of rising prices, while a “bear market” is characterized by prolonged periods of falling prices.


The process of using computing power to verify transactions on a blockchain and earn new cryptocurrency as a reward. Miners use specialized hardware to solve complex mathematical problems and earn cryptocurrency.


A software application or hardware device is used to store, manage, and send cryptocurrencies. Wallets can be hot (connected to the internet) or cold (offline), and can be custodial (managed by a third party) or non-custodial (managed by the user).

About Crypto Exchange

A cryptocurrency exchange, also known as a crypto exchange, is a platform that allows users to buy, sell, and trade cryptocurrencies for other digital or fiat currencies. Crypto exchanges act as intermediaries between buyers and sellers, providing a secure and efficient way to exchange digital assets. There are two main types of crypto exchanges; centralized and decentralized. Centralized exchanges are run by a company or organization that manages the exchange’s servers, matches trades, and stores user assets in cold storage.

Decentralized exchanges, on the other hand, use blockchain technology to allow users to trade directly with each other without the need for a centralized intermediary. One example of exchange is DartAfrica, which allows users to easily convert their crypto assets to fiat without the need for third-party interference. Its is fast, secure, users only exchange what they need, and are entirely in charge of their wallets. They can easily withdraw the fiat to their local banks.




This refers to the ability of a cryptocurrency to be bought or sold on an exchange or other trading platform. A cryptocurrency with high liquidity means that it can be easily traded for other cryptocurrencies or traditional currencies like US dollars or Euros, without significant price fluctuations.

Liquidity is an important consideration for anyone investing or trading in cryptocurrencies because it can impact the ease and cost of buying or selling assets. Cryptocurrencies with high liquidity are generally considered more stable and less risky than those with low liquidity because they are less susceptible to sudden price changes caused by supply and demand imbalances.


A split in a blockchain creates two separate, distinct blockchains. Forks can be hard (permanent) or soft (temporary) and can occur for a variety of reasons, including disagreements over the direction of the blockchain.

Smart contracts

Self-executing contracts that are written in code and automatically enforce the terms of the contract when certain conditions are met. Smart contracts are a key feature of many blockchain platforms, including Ethereum.


Initial coin offering, is a fundraising method used by cryptocurrency startups to raise capital. In an ICO, investors receive new cryptocurrency tokens in exchange for funding the project.


A misspelling of “hold” that has become a popular term in the cryptocurrency community. HODL refers to holding onto cryptocurrencies for the long term, regardless of short-term price fluctuations.

The first and most well-known cryptocurrency is Bitcoin, which was created in 2009 by an unknown person or group using the pseudonym Satoshi Nakamoto. Since then, thousands of other cryptocurrencies have been created, including Ethereum, Litecoin, Ripple, and many more.

Cryptocurrencies use a technology called blockchain, which is a decentralized digital ledger that records transactions and stores them in blocks that are linked together, forming a chain. Each block contains a cryptographic hash of the previous block, creating an immutable record of all transactions on the blockchain.

One of the key features of cryptocurrencies is that they operate independently of central banks and governments, offering a decentralized alternative to traditional financial systems. Cryptocurrencies can be used for a variety of purposes, including peer-to-peer transactions, cross-border payments, and investment.

However, cryptocurrencies are still a relatively new and rapidly-evolving technology, and there are many challenges and risks associated with them, including volatility, security concerns, and regulatory issues.

It’s important for anyone interested in cryptocurrencies to carefully research and understand the risks and benefits before investing or participating in the industry. These are just some of the many cryptocurrency terminologies you may come across when exploring the world of cryptocurrencies. By familiarizing yourself with these and other key terms, you can gain a better understanding of how cryptocurrencies work and how to participate in the industry.